tkudhnsoh ctkt

 
thou Oka'ko`{k   Ekq[ki`"B
  • TkUe vkSj LkaLdkj
  • f'k{kk
  • oSokfgd thou Tkkojk ls o/kkZ
  • sjd ifr
  • xka/kh rFkk fouksck dk lkfu/;
  • ns'klsoh ifjokj
  • ns'k dk vfrfFk x`g & ctktokM+h
  • ^in~efoHkw"k.k*
  • vfUre le;
  • vfUre vfHkyk"kk

    IkfjorZfu lalkjs e`r% dks ok u tk;rs
    Lk tkrks ;su tkrsu ;kfr oa'k% leqUUkfre~A
    bl ifjorZu'khy lalkj esa dkSu ugha ejrk vkSj dkSu tUe ugha ysrkA mldk tUe ysuk lkFkZd gksrk gS ftlls tkfr] oa'k] ns'k dk mRFkku gksA



    TkUe vkSj LkaLdkj

    Tkkudhnsoh ctkt dk tUe 7 tuojh 1893 dks e/; ns'k esa tkojk ds ,d frf"Br oS".ko ekjokM+h ifjokj esa gqvkA

    mu fnuksa tkojk esa uokcksa dk 'kklu FkkA tkudhnsoh ds firk Jh fxj/kkjhykyth tktksfn;k] Jh jkekuqt lEiznk; esa nhf{kr iw.kZ J)k vkSj HkfDr ds lkFk lifjokj fgUnw /keZ dk ikyu dj jgs FksA os vfr laiUu Fks vkSj mnkj HkhA mudh lgk;rk ikus okyksa esa gj oxZ] tkfr vkSj /keZ ds O;fDr 'kkfey FksA

    tkudhnsoh dh eka] eSuk nsoh ljyrk ,oa lkSE;rk dh ewfrZ FkhaA vgadkj rks Fkk gh ugha] ?kj vkSj vkl&iM+ksl ds dk;Z ds lkFk&lkFk lsodksa ds dk;Z esa Hkh lgk;rk dj nssrh FkhaA

    HkkbZ fpjathykyth vkSj iq#"kksRrenklth ds e/; tkudhnsoh cM+h ykM+yh cgu FkhaA la;qDr ifjokj dk ykM+&I;kj Hkh mUgsa Hkjiwj feykA vius ?kj ds /kkfeZd okrkoj.k ls Hkkfor tkudhnsoh ds fy, 6&7 o"kZ dh voLFkk esa gh ,dkn'kh dk ozr vkSj š ueks ukjk;.kk; dk ,dkUr esa tki muds nSfud thou dk vax cu x;kA iwtk&vpZuk rFkk eafnj ds lkFk Jh fo".kq lglzuke dk ikB Hkh pyus yxkA

    ,sls fo'kq) laLdkjh ,oa Lusge; ifjokj ds lkaps esa tkudhnsoh dk cpiu <ykA




    f'k{kk

    RkRdkyhu lkekftd ekU;rkvksa vkSj vkLFkkvksa esa iyh tkudh dks Ldwyh f'k{kk izkIr djus dk volj u fey ldkA fQj Hkh 6&7 o"kZ dh voLFkk esa dkxn dSls cksyrk gsS bl ftKklk us muds eu esa Ik<+us fy[kus dh yyd tkx`r dhA tkudh dh yxu ls izHkkfor mnkjeuk Jh fxj/kkjhykyth us ?kj ij gh f'k{kk dh O;oLFkk dhA

    Lkn~x`gLFk eka ds Hkko ls gkFkksa esa vn~Hkqr n{krk FkhA lhuk&dk<+uk vR;ar dq'kyrk ls djrh FkhaA gj fo"k; dks tkuus o lh[kus dh vn~Hkqr ftKklk FkhA




    oSokfgd thou Tkkojk ls o/kkZ

    mu fnuksa o/kkZ lsB cPNjkt ds oSHko ls ned jgk FkkA deh Fkh rks larku dhA ihf<+;ksa ls nRrd iq=ksa ls gh oa'k ijaijk vkxs c<+ jgh FkhA fof/k dk fo/kku nRrd fy, x;s iq= jke/kunkl Hkh ugha jgs vkSj lsB cPNjkt dklh dk okl jktLFkku ls Jh duhjke ctkt fj'rs esa ugha ds pkj o"khZ; iq= teukyky dks xksn ys vk;s-

    bUgha Jh teukyky ctkt ds fy, tkudhnsoh dks pkj o"kZ dh vcks/k vk;q esa ns[kk x;kA

    le;kUrj esa lk>s+ vkB o"kZ dh vk;q esa fookg cgqr BkVckV ls lEiUUk gqvkA bl izdkj tkudh Lo#ik tkudhnsoh ctkt ifjokj dh x`gy{eh cuh vkSj fookgksijkUr 1902 esa o/kkZ vk;haA 'kk;n Jh teukyky ctkt Hkh ugha tkurs Fks fd ftl vcks/k ckyk ls mudk fookg gqvk gS] og Hkfo"; esa ctkt ifjokj] lekt o ns'k ds fy, ,d T;ksfrf'k[kk dk dk;Z djsaxhA




    sjd ifr

    tkudhnsoh ds thou ij ftu O;fDr;ksa dh xgjh Nki iM+h muesa loZFke Fks muds ifr Jh teukyky ctkt tks fd /kfud O;olk;h gh ugha] Hkxor HkDr] egkRek xka/kh ds vuq;k;h] lekt lq/kkjd] egku ns'kseh vkSj xkslsod FksA

    xfr'khy ifr us iRuh dh kjafHkd Ik<+kbZ ejkBh esa ?kj esa gh djk;h vkSj ,d f'kf{kr ikjlh efgyk ls v[kckj lquokdj tkudhnsoh dk lkekU; Kku c<+k;kA

    bl rjg lksus&pkanh vkSj eksrh&tjh ls ynh tkudhnsoh dk oSokfgd thou vkxs c<+us yxk vkSj le;kuqlkj mudh ikap larkuksa&nks iq= vkSj rhu iqf=;ka e'k% deyk 27&8&1912] deyu;u 23&1&1915] enkylk 27&7&1917] mek vkse 12&7&1919 rFkk jked".k 22&9&1923 us tUe fy;kA larkughu Jh cPNjkt oa'k esa fdydkfj;ka xwatus yxhaA

    ?kj ifjokj] cPpksa dk ykyu&ikyu] jhfr&fjokt fuHkkus esa jeh tkudhnsoh ds le{k ifr dh egkurk ds Ik`"B ds Ik`"B e'k% [kqyus yxsA ifr ds mPp fopkjksa ls sj.kk ikdj ijaijkvksa esa iyh tkudhnsoh us lu~ 1919 esa ijns ?kwa?kV dk R;kx dj mldk fojks/k fd;k vkSj ml le; ds lekt esa lq/kkj ykus dk ;Ru fd;kA ;g muds fy, loZFke lkekftd kafr FkhA fQj lu~ 1921 esa flQZ 28 o"kZ dh vk;q esa mUgksaus u[k&f'k[k egqewY; xguksa dk ifjR;kx fd;k vkSj blh o"kZ mUgksaus cs'kdherh fons'kh oL=ksa dk R;kx dj Lons'kh [kknh dks viuk;kA

    lalkj ds loZJs"B vyadkj lknxh dks viukdj ;qokoLFkk esa gh vU; vyadkjksa dks ihNs NksM+ fn;k] vkt Hkys gh ;s ckrsa lkekU; lh yx ldrh gSa fdarq ml le; ds ifjos'k esa ;g kafrdkjh dne FkkA blds fy, tkudhnsoh dks lekt dh vogsyuk vkSj cfg"dkj >syus iM+sA

    teukykyth ds jpukRed dk;ks [kknh&pkj] xzke&lsok] lekt&lq/kkj] Lora=rk vkanksyu] xkslsok] ukjh m)kj bR;kfn ls Hkkfor vius oSHkoiw.kZ jktiFk dks NksM+dj lg"kZ ifr dh ixMaMh ij py iM+haA /khjs&/khjs ifr ds dfBu vkSj R;kxe; jkLrs dks cM+s mRlkg ls mUgksaus thou dk vax cuk fy;kA




    xka/kh rFkk fouksck dk lkfu/;

    ml le; Hkkjr ijra=rk dh csfM+;ksa esa tdM+k gqvk FkkA

    laiw.kZ ns'k vkSj lekt dk mRrjksRrj fodkl gks & xka/khth dh bl lR; vkSj vfgalk dh kafr esa cgqr lkjs uj&ukjh muds Hkko esa vk;sA tkudhnsoh buesa vxz.kh jghaA

    thou dk ewy rRo D;k gS\ D;k dksbZ ,slk gS] tks tSlk cksyrk gS] oSlk gh djrk gS\ Jh teukyky bl fo"k; esa lksp fopkj djrs jgrs vkSj mi;qDr O;fdrRo dks [kkstrs fQjrsA blh ;kl esa lu~ 1915 esa mUgsa feys vf}rh; ekxZn'kZd xka/khthA iwjh J)k o fu"Bk ds lkFk ctkt ifjokj us ru&eu&/ku ls xka/khth dks viuk fy;kA

    tkudhnsoh us xka/khth dh sj.kk ls lu~ 1921 esa gh ?kj&ifjokj&O;ogkj esa ;ksx gksus okys fons'kh diM+ksa dks tyk fn;kA lcdks [kknhe; dj fn;kA jkr&fnu pj[kk&rdyh dkrrha vkSj ?kj&?kj tkdj lcdks fl[kkrhaA Ckkiw dk lkf/; ikdj tkudhnsoh ds vUr% esa fNih 'kfDr f}xqf.kr gqbZ] mudh izfrHkk us f;kRed :Ik fy;k vkSj Lons'k izse dh Hkkouk izcy gks xbZA ferO;f;rk vkSj gj oLrq dk leqfpr mi;ksx mudh thou 'kSyh dk vax cu x;kA izR;sd {k.k dks jpukRed dk;ks esa yxkdj vkius vius n`<+ fu'p; dks thoUr :Ik fn;kA

    tkudhnsoh fy[krh gSa---

    Jh teukykyth 1920 esa ckiw ds ikapos iq= cus] rc eSa mudh iape iq=o/kw cu x;hA esjh /kkfeZd o`fRRk esa [kknh us dzkfUr dj nh] Lons'k dh HkfDr Hkj nh] rc ls [kknh] xk;ekrk vkSj dwinku esjs thou dk vk/kkj cus gSaA xk; ls cSy] cSy ls [ksrh vkSj [ksrh ls izk.kh ek= dk iks"k.k] [kknh vkSj vktknhA ;gh esj thou dh lkFkZdrk gSA

    Lora=rk vkanksyu esa lifjokj Hkkxhnkjh] gfjtu&mRFkku ,oa 1928 esa eafnj os'k] ukjh fodkl o xkslsok muds thou ds vax cu x;sA

    Lkar fouksck Hkkos ctkt ifjokj ds dqyxq# FksA Kkuh fouksck dks tkudhnsoh dh lgt ckyo`fRr us eksg fy;k vkSj os muds NksVs HkkbZ cu x;sA bl dkj lalkj dks vk'khokZn nsus okys ckck dks vk'khokZn nsus dk lgt vf/kdkj vius se vkSj Lusg ls tkudhnsoh us kIr dj fy;kA

    1972 esa muds T;s"B iq= Jh deyu;uth dh vlkef;d e`R;q ls mu ij otzikr lk gqvkA rc os fouksckth dh 'kj.k yhaA os frfnu ioukj vkJe tkrha o fouksckth fo".kqlglzuke Hkxoku fo".kq ds 1000 uke ls ,d uke fy[krs o mldk fp= cukdj mUgsa le>krsA ckn esa bu fp=ksa dh iqfLrdk Hkh dkf'kr dh xbZA

    Xkka/kh rFkk fouksck dk tks izHkko tks muds thou ij iM+k] mls O;Dr djrs gq, Lo;a tkudhnsoh us dgk Fkk%&

    u eSa Ik<+h u fy[kh fQj Hkh eSaus bu nks egkiq#"kksa dh laxr esa vn~Hkqr thou n'kZu ik;kA mldh ;kn djds eu xn~ xn~ gks mBrk gS A vUrj esa vkuUn dk lkxj fgyksjsa ysus yxrk gSA

    xka/kh vkSj fouksck ds lkf/; esa tkudhnsoh dk thou n'kZu vuqdj.kh; cukA vusdkusd lnxq.kksa dk lekos'k muds O;fDrRo dks fu[kkjrk x;k vkSj mudk d`frRo lqn`<+ vk/kkj ikrk x;kA Lo;a xka/khth us vkSj fouksckth us muds fodkl esa iwjh fnypLih yh-

    ckiw dk lkfu/; rFkk lnksins'k] lar fouksck dk viukiu vkSj vk'khokZn vkSj Lo;a esa vkarfjd vuq'kklu vkSj jpukRed lf;rk us tkudhnsoh ds O;fDrRo dks ,d foy{k.k vkHkkeaMy ls vko`r dj fn;kA os vius le; dh efgykvksa vkSj lekt lsodksa ds fy, vxznwr cu x;haA




    ns'klsoh ifjokj

    ns'k&izse muds fy;s loksZifj FkkA Lora=rk vkUnksyu esa ifr teukyky ctkt dk vuqlj.k djrs gq, os fdlh Hkh {ks= esa muls ihNs ugha jghaA blds fy, os cM+h&cM+h lHkkvksa esa tkdj fu%ladksp vkstiw.kZ tks'khys Hkk"k.k fn;k djrh FkhaA mUgksaus larkuksa dks Hkh ns'k fgr esa tqV tkus dh izsj.kk nhA

    cM+h csVh deyk us fcgkj ;k=k esa eka tkudhnsoh dk lkFk fn;k] O;k[;ku fn;k] ogha cM+s iq= deyu;u us lu~ 1930 esa Lora=rk vkUnksyu esa lfdz; Hkkx fy;k] 1932 esa tsy dh dky dksBjh esa jgsA lcls NksVs iq= jke-".k us mez de gksus ds dkj.k xka/khth dh vfuPNk ij Hkh lR;kxzg esa Hkkx fy;k vkSj lu~ 1941 o 1942 esa tsy x;sA

    1942 ds ^djks ;k ejks* vkUnksyu esa mudh dksey vkSj vfr laiUu lk/kuksa esa iyh&c<+h iq=o/kw lkfo=h vkSj NksVh iq=h mek Hkh tsy x;ha vkSj d"V lgsA os Lo;a Hkh 1932 esa tsy x;ha vkSj iqfyl ds vR;kpkjksa dk f'kdkj cuhaA

    bl rjg tkudhnsoh dk iwjk ifjokj ns'k&HkfDr ds jax esa jx x;kA muds }kjk izTofyr ns'k izse dh ykS e'k% izdk'k iqat cudj vf/kd pedrh x;hA cPpksa us dHkh Hkh mUgsa vQlksl djrs ;k vklw cgkrs ugha ns[kk Fkk vkSj bl rjg cPpksa dks gj ifjfLFkfr dk glrs&glrs lkeuk djus dh izcy izsj.kk feyhA

    ljyeuk] fuLi`g tkudhnsoh viuh [;kfr ds izpkj izlkj ls nwj jghaA




    ns'k dk vfrfFk x`g & ctktokM+h

    5 vSy 1934 dks ckiw ds o/kkZ vkus ds ckn usrkvksa rFkk dk;ZdrkZvksa dk o/kkZ vkuk tkuk c<+rk x;kA ;gha ij xka/khth }kjk xzkeks|ksx la?k dh LFkkiuk dh x;hA exuokM+h ds ckn ckiw lsokxzke esa clsA 1934 esa ctktokM+h dk fuekZ.k gqvkA ctktokM+h dkxzsl dk;Zlfefr rFkk vU; jpukRed dk;ksZ dh lHkkvksa ds fy;s mi;qDr LFky cukA ns'kh fons'kh ;kf=;ksa] Ik=dkjksa usrkvksa rFkk dk;ZdrkZvksa dh 'kj.k LFkyh ctktokM+h esa lnSo pgy igy jgrh Fkh] lHkh dh lq[k lqfo/kkvksa dk leqfpr /;ku j[kk tkrk FkkA vifjfpr O;fDr;ksa dh Hkh ctktokM+h vkJ; nkrk cuhA lqcg&'kke ds Hkkstu dh iaxr esa usrk] ikfjokfjd yksx ,oa vU; lkFk&lkFk cSBdj cM+h&cM+h ppkZ,a djrs Fks] ftldh ;knsa vkt Hkh yksxksa ds eu esa clh gSaA

    11 Qjojh 1942 dks teukykyth ds LoxZokl rFkk ckiw ds lsokxzke ls tkus ds ckn dqN gn rd pgy igy de gqbZ fQj Hkh fd'kksjyky HkkbZ e'k:okyk ds jgus ls cLrh c<+rh pyh x;hA tkudhnsoh dks ;gk vikj 'kkfUr feyrh Fkh dkj.k ;g Hkh rks mudh deZ LFkyh FkhA ?kj okyksa ds vkxzg ds ckotwn cEcbZ esa jguk mudks jkl ugha vkrk FkkA bl lEcU/k esa vkJecU/kq] jktdksV us fy[kk %&

    vf[ky Hkkjrh; dkaxzsl dh NksVh eksVh lHkk;sa o/kkZ esa gksrh FkhA bu lHkkvksa esa pksVh ds ns'k usrkvksa dks fdlh Hkh ckr dh deh eglwl u gks] ,slh lqUnj O;oLFkk djus ds funZs'k teukykyth ns rks nsrs] fdUrq blds ihNs ;fn tkudhnsoh dk ihB cy u gksrk] lEiw.kZ lg;ksx u gksrk] Lokxr djus dh bruh meax u gksrh vkSj ftEesnkjh mBkus dk mRlkg u gksrk rks teukykyth dk ;g dk;Z ftl izdkj izdk'keku gqvk ,slk 'kk;n gh gks ikrkA

    fdlh izdkj dk lEesyu gks] ekrkth ogk cjkcj mifLFkr jgrha vkSj vk;s gq;s lSdM+ksa lnL;ksa dh [kkfrjnkjh djrha] ftls ns[k dj lc yksx vk'p;Z pfdr gks tkrs FksA

    vkt Hkh ml le; dh ;knxkj latks;s ctktokM+h jk"Vh; Lekjd ds :Ik esa o/kkZ dh ,sfrgkfld igpku gSA




    ^in~efoHkw"k.k*

    deZ;ksfxuh tkudhnsoh ctkt dks Hkkjr ljdkj us 1956 esa jk"Vifr MkW- jktsa lkn ds gkFkksa ^in~efoHkw"k.k* dh inoh ls vyad`r fd;kA vyadkj rks muds le{k dkfUrghu Fks ghA okLro esa Hkkjr ljdkj us tkudhnsoh ds fr tuekul dk lEeku vkSj drKrk rFkk viuRo dk Hkko iznf'kZr fd;kA jk"V us vius Hkko&lqeu vfiZr dj ds Lo;a dks /kU; ekukA




    vfUre le;

    thou ds vfUre o"kZ esa Hkh tkudhnsoh xks oa'k o/k ds fo#) fouksck th ds vkUnksyu rFkk miokl esa lfdz; Hkwfedk fuHkkrh jghaA Hkko fueXu eqnzk esa Nr ij Vgyrh gq;h og vuk;kl fxj iM+h Fkha vkSj mUgsa QzSDpj gks x;k FkkA cEcbZ ls vk, MkDVjksa }kjk fd;k x;k mipkj Qfyr u gks ldkA

    21-5-1979 dks tkudhnsoh us mudh deZHkwfe o/kkZ esa ^fxrkbZ eafnj*] xksiqjh dh feh esa fpj foJke dh fuk yhA


       vfUre vfHkyk"kk

    esjh HkLeh yksd izFkk ds vuqlkj laxe ;kx ;k gfj}kj vkfn rhFkksZa esa ys tkus dh vko';drk ugha gSA esjs fy;s xksiqjh gh lcls cM+k rhFkZ gSA tgk xks ekrk dh lsok djrs gq;s Lo;a teukyky th fpjfunzk esa lks jgs gSa] ogh esjs fy;s iq.;/kke gSA

    tkudh nsoh & lelkEkf;d O;fDr;ksa dh n`f"V esa

  • Jankidevi was a tireless social worker whose whole life was devoted to fulfilling Gandhiji's fourteen point constructive programme.

    Jai Prakash Narayan
    Eminent Gandhian


  • An eminent patriot Jankidevi was a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi and pillar of strength to her husband Sri Jamnalal Bajaj.

    N. Sanjeeva Reddy
    Then President of India


  • Ekk dh txg rks dksbZ vkSj ys ugha ldrk vkSj tkudh nsoh rks ,d cgqr cM+s ifjokj] jpukRed dk;ksZ dh ek ekuh tkrh FkhaA xks lao/kZu ds fy;s mUgksaus tks dk;Z fd;k og fpjLej.kh; jgsxkA

    bfUnjk xka/kh
    /kkuea=h


  • A distinguished representative of Indian womanhood Smt. Jankidevi Bajaj had worked for awakening and emancipation of women.

    Morarji Desai
    Then Prime Minister of India


  • With her demise we have lost an eminent and dedicated social worker who ceaselessly worked for the cause of Bhoodan movement and ban on cow slaughter.

    Sharad Pawar
    Then Chief Minister of Maharashtra


  • We have just heard that your mother has expired. She was suffering and is now released after living a purposeful and virtuous life. All my condolences and sympathies.

    Ghanshyamdas Birla
    Eminent Industrialist


  • A great Gandhian, who spent herself in the service of her country.

    J. R. D. Tata
    Eminent Industrialist


  • tkudhnsoh esa vkSipkfjdrk dk vkR;afrd vHkko gSA muds pkfj"; dk miknku gS lpkbZ] bZekunkjh] ckgj Hkhrj ,d lekuA cky ln`'k fu"diVrk vkSj fu'Nyrk ls mudk fi.M cuk gSA

    nknk /kekZf/kdkjh
    xka/khoknh


  • eSa rks ctkt ifjokj ds lkjs ok;qe.My esa tkudh nsoh ds pkfj"; dh lqxU/k Hkh ns[krk gwA ftl rjg teukyky th dk thou pfjr Ik<+s fcuk xk/kh th dks ge iw.kZ :Ik ls le> ugha ldrs] mlh rjg tkudh nsoh ds ifjp; ds fcuk teukyky th vkSj ctkt dqVqEc dh laLdkfjrk vkSj lsok dk iw.kZ vuqeku gesa ugha gks ldrkA

    dkdk lkgsc dkysydj
    xka/khoknh


  • eka dk xaxk ds uhj tSlk okRlY; [kwc ;kn vkrk gSA bu n`';ksa esa eka dk galrk] fu[kkyl] ljy Hkkoiw.kZ psgjk dsa&LFkku esa fn[krk gSA og I;kjh eka vc dHkh Hkh se Hkjh vkokt ls iqdkjsaxh ugha] ;g dYiuk vl; eglwl gks jgh gSA

    iwf.kZek idoklk
    _raHkjk fo|kihB] cacbZ


  • eSaus mudks tc ls ns[kk rc ls mudk O;ogkj ,d gh dkj dk jgkA Hkj tokuh esa Hkh] bruh laifk gksrs gq, Hkh] vikj lknxh dHkh&dHkh rks vkJe dh cguksa ls Hkh vf/kd yxrh FkhA mUgsa ys'k&ek= Hkh vgadkj ugha FkkA blls ekrkth fcYdqy gh vuU; FkhaA

    fueZyk jkenkl xka/kh
    xka/khoknh
    lsokxzke] o/kkZ


    thou    jpukRed dk;Z    mkjkf/kdkj    fp=ekyk    Ykksdf; lkbV    LkEidZ lw=    Ekq[ki`"B